Ketogenic Dietary Therapy Evidence

More fat and fewer seizures: dietary therapies for epilepsy
Eric H Kossoff 2004

pdf-icon-45x46.png Kossoff EH. More fat and fewer seizures_ dietary therapies for epilepsy_Lancet Neurol 2004.pdf

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate protein, low carbohydrate diet that has been used for the treatment of intractable childhood epilepsy since the 1920s. The diet mimics the biochemical changes associated with starvation, which create ketosis. Although less commonly used in later decades because of the increased availability of anticonvulsants, the ketogenic diet has re-emerged as a therapeutic option. Only a decade ago the ketogenic diet was seen as a last resort; however, it has become more commonly used in academic centres throughout the world even early in the course of epilepsy. The Atkins diet is a recently used, less restrictive, therapy that also creates ketosis and can lower the number of seizures. Dietary therapies may become even more valuable in the therapy of epilepsy when the mechanisms underlying their success are understood.
Lancet Neurol 2004; 3: 415–20

Ketogenic diets for drug‐resistant epilepsy
Kirsty J Martin‐McGill | Cerian F Jackson | Rebecca Bresnahan | Robert G Levy | Paul N Cooper 2017


Ketogenic diets (KDs), being high in fat and low in carbohydrates, have been suggested to reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy. At present, such diets are mainly recommended for children who continue to have seizures despite treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (drug‐resistant epilepsy). Recently, there has been interest in less restrictive KDs, including the modified Atkins diet (MAD), and the use of these diets has extended into adult practice. This is an update of a review first published in 2003 and last updated in 2016.